A "Controlled Burn" or "Prescribed Fire" is utilized by landowners to enhance the productivity of the area targeted with the burn event. Controlled Burns can help manage dead timber and brush which can actually lead to more dangerous wildfire conditions if not managed. Biologists, wildlife managers, and landowners also use fire to manipulate the habitat for wildlife.
Most Central Texas landowners "BURN" to reclaim areas that have become overgrown with undesirable species or to simply improve the soil health. This particular BURN was performed on a Cat Spring Texas ranch. Burnt organic material recycles nutrients back into the soil which promotes healthier and a diversity of vegetation for both livestock and wildlife. Once the vegetative over-story is eliminated, sunlight penetration to the bare ground enables new plant succession to begin. In some areas, some vegetation requires periodic burns for the species to flourish.
The area in the photo is being burned to control woody stem plants such as Chinese Tallow, Briars and Yaupon so native grass, forbs and browse species will reemerge.
Controlled burns have rules! Research and follow. Always contact your local officials or area volunteer fire departments to communicate your intentions. Make sure your county has not been placed under a "BURN BAN" due to range conditions.
Visit the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality's website www.tceq.texas.gov
Visit the South Texas Wildlife Management Prescribed Burning page on the Texas Parks & Wildlife website https://tpwd.texas.gov/
Read "THE BEST FIRE FREQUENCY FOR DEER HABITAT" on QDMA.com
Lastly, look at the Controlled Burns- 2 post here on my Blog to see the same area pictured above after the burn.